• Year One – VA Endocrine Consult Service (six months), Banner – University Medical Center Phoenix Endocrine Consult Service (three months), Phoenix Children's Hospital Pediatric Endocrinology (one month), Barrow's Neurologic Institute Neurosurgery/Pituitary Rotation (two months)
  • Year Two – Basic and/or Clinical Research (nine months), elective (three months)
  • Year Three (optional) – Independent supervised research (12 months)

During the second year, fellows will complete a nine-month minimum research requirement with appropriate protected time either at the Carl T. Hayden VA Medical Center or NIDDK, NIH Phoenix branch. Current ongoing research is in the areas of:

  • Genetics and epidemiology of diabetes in the PIMA Indian Population.
  • Macrovascular complications of diabetes.
  • Vascular biology.
  • Novel risk factors for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular outcomes.
  • Epidemiology of diabetes and atherosclerosis.
  • Health delivery systems to improve diabetes and its complications.
  • Hypertension.
  • Pituitary hormone deficiency and growth hormone replacement.
  • PET and MRI imaging in vascular disease and endocrine disorders.
  • Obesity and related metabolic disorders.
  • Smartphone applications in health care implementation.
  • Male reproductive endocrinology.
  • Testosterone and estrogen replacement therapy.
  • Nutritional effects on immune regulation and insulin resistance.
  • Novel applications of diabetes medications.

With available funding, fellows may choose to expand their research skills during a third year of training during which they will perform independent supervised research. Third-year fellows would be expected to design, prepare and conduct a research project. Manuscript(s) preparation for publication in a peer-reviewed journal is expected.