Medical Student Makes Longitudinal Impact in Rural Community
Ninety miles northeast of Phoenix lies a rural town with a population of about 15,000 people. Payson, Arizona, a small community with a lush forest landscape and majestic Mogollon Rim views, is host to the Rural Health Longitudinal Integrated Clerkship (LIC). Third-year medical students from the University of Arizona College of Medicine – Phoenix spend six months living and training in rural clinical settings as they earn a Certificate of Distinction.
The clerkship was created through a partnership between the Rural Health Professions Program at the college and the MHA Foundation to address the physician shortage in the state of Arizona — more specifically, in rural communities.
The third year of training at the College of Medicine – Phoenix includes rotations at the college’s nine clinical partners across the Phoenix metro area. Students engage patients that they may never see again after their initial encounter.
In contrast, students participating in the Rural Health LIC live and work in Payson, obtaining hands-on experiences in underserved communities with an emphasis on longitudinal patient care. They develop medical skills — and relationships — by treating some of the same patients over the course of the clerkship.
Amaris Tapia, Class of 2023 — recently completed the clerkship. She was initially inspired to participate in the LIC due to her interest in helping underserved communities. She credits mentors, Jonathan Cartsonis, MD, and Judith Hunt, MD, as well as fellow classmate, Brett Clark, for encouraging her to participate in the clerkship.
“I really didn't know too much about the LIC until my friend, Brett, told me that I should apply. He knows my interests and said it would be a great program for me,” Tapia explained.
Tapia then reached out to Dr. Cartsonis, director of the college’s Rural Health Professions Program and an associate professor of Family, Community and Preventative Medicine.
“Payson, like other rural settings, does not have a deep bench of medical professionals,” said Dr. Cartsonis. “Doing clinical training in these environments offers students a broad range of engagements with patients, and their efforts are noticed.”
“One of the values that I look toward in my future as a physician is developing longitudinal relationships with patients,” Tapia said.
Tapia had an incredible experience in delivering a newborn baby as part of her obstetrics and gynecology rotation. The expectant mother was experiencing high blood pressure and was admitted to the hospital where Tapia assisted in the C-section delivery. Tapia mentioned her interest in pediatrics as a specialty to the patient’s pediatrician and was invited to evaluate the mother and newborn at follow-up appointments.
“That’s something you wouldn’t be able to do in the Valley because you don’t really cross specialties in that way,” she said.
Tapia participated in evaluating the mother the day after delivery, helped with the newborn’s well-check appointment and the circumcision procedure. Six weeks later, she evaluated the mother at their postpartum appointment.
“Traditional medical student classes are set up so that they’re only studying one subject for 4-6 weeks. In the LIC it’s competency- and continuity-based, so a student could be in the emergency department treating a patient with a gallbladder issue, accompany them into surgery and follow up with them after the surgery,” shared Judith Hunt, MD.
Tapia witnessed the lack of health care resources in rural communities. She assisted a patient with significant liver failure who urgently needed a therapeutic procedure. The radiologist was not due back in Payson for another 10 days, too long to wait given the patient’s condition. “I felt stuck — in that, I couldn’t help the patient sooner,” said Tapia.
A clinician suggested she reach out to a nearby hospital, but that facility was also booked. Tapia expanded the search to a hospital in Fountain Hills, AZ, but the long drive from Payson was too much for the patient.
“I feel like this is something you would experience during residency, since you have continuity clinics, but the traditional medical student’s experience is too short of a time to really get those follow ups,” concluded Tapia.
The Rural Health LIC is expanding to meet the need for medical professionals in rural communities — and students’ interest in these hands-on learning environments. The Gila River Indian Community and Flagstaff will welcome medical students in summer 2022, more than tripling the number of participating students from three to 10.
About the College
Founded in 2007, the University of Arizona College of Medicine – Phoenix inspires and trains exemplary physicians, scientists and leaders to optimize health and health care in Arizona and beyond. By cultivating collaborative research locally and globally, the college accelerates discovery in a number of critical areas — including cancer, stroke, traumatic brain injury and cardiovascular disease. Championed as a student-centric campus, the college has graduated 669 physicians, all of whom received exceptional training from nine clinical partners and more than 2,600 diverse faculty members. As the anchor to the Phoenix Bioscience Core, which is projected to have an economic impact of $3.1 billion by 2025, the college prides itself on engaging with the community, fostering education, inclusion, access and advocacy.